There is a chance to enact appropriate legislation in this term yet simple joint-stock company will not provide capital inflow / ** / (function (d, s, id) {var js = vtjs d.getElementsByTagName (s) [0]; if (d .getElementById (d)) return; js = d.createElement (s); js.id = id; js.src = “https://videotarget.pl/v1/sdk.js” vtjs.parentNode.insertBefore (js , vtjs)} (document, “script”, “VT-SDK”)); / ** / In August 2017, the most well-known service the stream Spotify, informed the public about recorded, a record number of subscribers using the services of this company. 60 million paid users (140 million in total, counting the users of the free version), of which 10 million came over the synthesizer for a few months. I must admit that these numbers are impressive, and despite strong competition from eg. Returning to favor listeners vinyl, streaming is currently the dominant format for music sales. According to the information provided by the American Recording Industry Association (RIAA), the share of streaming services continued in 2016. Constant at 51 percent. So much of the music industry revenues from the distribution of music just came from sites such as Spotify and Apple Music.

Despite all these fantastic results and recognition from users, streaming services fall into increasingly serious problems related to the observance of copyright works available. What is streaming and what really buy? Streaming (streaming media) is a “technique of providing multimedia information provider for streaming to the user in a way uninterrupted.” Translating That definition to a more accessible language – user services streaming has unlimited access to the library files (eg . music albums) offered by a particular service or platform. But the most important feature of streaming media is that the subscriber does not track pulls, which wants to listen. The entire process takes place in a closed environment applications – acting in a similar way to traditional libraries.

Using the services of the service user has the right to browse directories or resource use. It is also worth noting that access to content streamowanych we can use virtually anywhere in the world – provided Internet access and a suitable device (computer or mobile phone). No wonder that the streaming has become a global hit. Collectors end of the era of physical media such as CD or vinyl served the further development, this does not look like, the most comfortable today, legal methods of communing with the music. See also: When you post on Facebook is breaking the law? “But if the users do not buy services provided by the music files, is this really what we pay? Well, firstly, it is clear that the principles of media, offering streaming services, is a mine of interesting legal issues. To accessibly explain the legal aspects of such services, I will focus on services from Spotify, which is the largest player in the global runku streaming media.

A subscriber wishing to become an authorized user of a virtual collection of music, is obliged to conclude an agreement with Spotify Poland Sp. o.o., which involves accepting the Regulations, and therefore obliged to follow the rules set by the Scandinavian company. In my opinion, the most interesting aspect is the fact that any disputes that may arise in connection with the use of services Spotify, are expressly subject to Swedish law and the jurisdiction of the competent local courts (in our case, of course, the Polish courts). I do not know whether this provision was placed in the present case by the rules, but you should firmly state that it is a record of at least ill. In the event of a dispute with the company’s Polish operating in Polish, because it comes to a situation where the local court will rule on the basis of the provisions of Swedish legislation. This is the situation of so unfavorable that practically impossible to subscribers to the exact orientation in their own rights under the agreement. Fortunately, not yet reached a situation (or have not heard about it), in which the legal dispute toczyliby lawyers representing Spotify and plain, “private” user application.

The word “private” I used not by chance, because I would go smoothly to the conditions provided by Spotify license and issue a public shared music playback. The license includes the consent to “personal, non-commercial use for entertainment purposes,” which is tantamount to a ban on other than private use of service. This means that every public performance of music (eg. In a café or pub) is linked to a specific violation of the author and the conditions accepted by the User Terms of Service. Recently there have information about the development of the new business model of Spotify. As a result, financial losses and wizerunkowymi (more on that in a moment), the Swedes wanted to open up to offer B2B (ang. Business to business) and put the emphasis on cooperation with commercial customers.

The idea for a new start-up reportedly appeared when people with Spotify, began to pay attention to what the public performance of music using their services – bars, pubs and restaurants were doing this of course without the required permits and licenses. Swedish the stream giant reportedly has already preliminary discussions with corporations such as Starbucks and McDonald’s very possible that soon the speakers at the premises of these brands will fly selected music (her choice will be responsible specifically written algorithm), having to fit customers’ well-being or even to persuade them to buy. Futurism (?) At the highest poziomie.zobacz also Precedential judgment: Reproduction pirated files for the next person does not automatically affect the increase of the damage entitled “Trouble in Paradise Despite great technological plans, the preparations for the IPO and well-presented statistics, but you must to admit that the last few months (or even years) were not easy for Spotify. Especially when you look at the amount of lawsuits against the Swedish company. $ 1.6 billion – enough, in a lawsuit filed in a California court, demanded the US company Wixen Music Publishing, managing copyrighted artists such as Weezer, Rage Against The Machine, The Doors, Janis Joplin and Tom Petty. The case began in December, and I suspect that it will be followed by the entire global music industry. Not only because of the same, a huge amount, but also because of the subject matter.

Wixen accused Spotify, build a huge (financial) empire by consistent violations of the rights of authors and creating unfair billing platform with artists whose work is provided by Spotify. Interestingly, the issue was raised even before the US Congress, and it’s all thanks to the open letter, signed by, among others, Paul McCartney, U2, Taylor Swift, Billy Joel. Artists touched him about his bitterness caused by the condition of contemporary music industry, and entered into the application for an amendment to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the legal act regulating the issues of protection of intellectual property in the digital environment). In their opinion, the current provisions of the Act are to be favorable to large companies and music streaming services that are raking in the lion’s share of the income of the entire music industry. Some time ago revealed the content of the agreement between Spotify and Sony Music Entertainment, seems to confirm the claims made by the artists. The contract amounting to the more than 25 million US dollars, it is assumed that 60 per cent. proceeds from published plays music (or otherwise linked to) by Sony, is at this very factory. Extra side clauses or provisions (concerning, for example.

Advertising space), allow the concern to earn even more money, which unfortunately does not translate into salaries paid to artists. The majority of users and industry observers confidently finds that streaming is the future of music. People today require fast and convenient solutions, and services such as Spotify or Deezer allow us instant and legal access to virtually any music which at the moment you desire. However, do not forget the rights of artists, without which the streaming would not make sense, after all, and the big companies would earn all these astronomical sums, which they write the world’s media. Paul KowalewiczArtykuł was created in cooperation with the Foundation for Legal Culture, which runs the only base in Poland legitimate sources, providing songs accordance with the law and will of developers.

The database can be found at www.legalnakultura.pl Fifth birthday with us live to only one-third of new small businesses, which employ up to 49 people – according to the latest CSO data. This is far less than in other European Union countries, where half of the decade half of the companies can survive. With this success in the Nordic countries it is even much more common than failure – for example, in Finland, 64 percent. enterprises are still active after five years of zarejestrowania.Ważne, however, it is that the last crisis – despite appearances – is not decimated young companies. On the contrary, during the economic downturn adulthood (ie, one in which gains resistance to various risks) we managed to achieve a slightly larger number of companies than in the years of prosperity. According to experts include the effect of educational boom that we are experiencing more than a decade.

As a result, the number of people with college degrees increased by almost 80 percent. And most new companies formed by persons with higher education or post-secondary education Of the 294.3 thousand. small businesses created in 2008., and so at the beginning of the economic crisis, five years 33 percent survived. (97 thous.) – According to data from the Central Statistical Office. This is almost 1.5 percentage points. more than among enterprises established in 2004-2007, when the economy grew at a rate of up to 5-7 percent. Interestingly, the crisis has not increased the percentage of companies that year after registration suspended operations. Because at the time of its occurrence, and so in 2008-2013, 22-23 percent failure incur. start-up companies. Much worse it was the years of prosperity when the activity ended 29-33 percent. companies.

According to experts, the improvement is not accidental. – Companies created at the beginning of the economic downturn was more thoughtful than in the earlier period, as it was apparent downturn. Hence, their slightly greater durability – says Tomasz Kaczor, chief economist at BGK. In addition, people creating businesses are better prepared for business. First of all, because most entrepreneurs are people with university or post-secondary education – eg. In 2012.

It belonged to them 46.3 percent. start-up companies, and in 2004, by 9 percentage points. less. The CSO data also shows that the most stable are companies employing young workers. Among the newly established five years it survived in times of crisis 43 per cent., While not having among only 31 percent. The latter often disappear from the market, because those who work as self-employed, often when they find time, wind up their business. Reason?

Sole trader, as enterprises employing up to nine people, contrary to popular belief does not bring large income. With the latest available data show that two years ago the average salary in the companies of individuals amounted to only 1805 zł, which was almost twice lower than the average salary across the gospodarce.zobacz: Scammers prey on entrepreneurs. Ministry warns of fake emails »Amendments to the Law on statistics: reduce the load information for entrepreneurs” In Central and Eastern Europe will be more bankruptcies than last year, “Petty traders overwhelmed by pessimism? »- Firms employing workers are more durable because they are financially stronger, as evidenced by the fact that they can afford to create jobs – says Grzegorz Maliszewski, chief economist at Bank Millennium. He added that for this reason, their owners could previously explored the market and assess the risks of the activities undertaken. Possible failure would be extremely expensive – eg. In the form of severance pay for employees. – Moreover, those who employ, at the start companies often have business experience, which reduces the possibility of failure – says Maliszewski.

Most newly formed businesses survive five years in the health care and real estate, renting and business activities (46-60proc.), And the least in the restaurant and hotel (24 percent.). – High sustainability of enterprises in health care is not surprising, because it is quite stable and predictable business. Although increasing competition in the industry, but for now it is not too strong – says Piotr Bujak, head of macroeconomic forecasts PKO BP. And the demand for medical services increases, because the older people arrive. Eager to use private offices, because not all have to pay from their own pockets, because a lot of them operate on the basis of contracts with the National Health Fund. In contrast, in the hotel and catering industry. Not only that, in this industry there is a huge competition, it is still many entrepreneurs do not have enough work for the whole year, because they operate only during the tourist season. When vacationers quit, suspend business for the next season or eliminate it when received earnings lower than expected or have suffered a loss.

About the fate of the newly established companies is also determined by other factors. Their durability also contributed to the fact that many entrepreneurs benefited from EU funds and money from labor offices to create companies. They must make business plans, which was evaluated by experts. As a result, at the start of these projects were eliminated, that little hope for success. But while public support in the formation of companies was large, the majority of them (82 percent.) Has been created with its own resources entrepreneurs.

In addition, the CSO data, it can be concluded that it is best to be a businessman with 30-44. As much as 45 percent. companies whose owners were in this age, survived five years – is the most among the different age groups. The biggest offensive promotional promises Opel. In addition to discounts on the Corsa and Astra has homework market already April offers attractive conditions for purchasing the factory installation of LPG. Customers buying the Corsa, Astra and Meriva will be able to equip cars factory-fitted LPG for 2 thousand. zł.

Registrations of new cars by companies Source: Dziennik Gazeta Prawna – With this offer, purchase pay for itself in fuel costs after a year of use, assuming that the annual mileage will be 20 thousand. km – photograph by Wojciech lists, CEO of General Motors Poland. Additionally, a special offer, customers using credit Opel 4 x 25 percent. next to the standard warranty you will receive free of its extension for another two years, giving a total of 4 years or 60 thousand. km warranty protection.


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